vitiligo in children

VITILIGO IN CHILDREN

VITILIGO IN CHILDREN

  • Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentation disorder that affects very few people.
  • It is identify by the destruction of melanocytes of the basal layer of the epidermis or sometimes the hair follicle resulting in white patches on the skin, the mucous membrane, and white hair.
  • It is identify by pigmented patches that appear anywhere in the skin.
  • Generally, these patches are prone in children than adults, consisting of symmetrical patches in the skin.
  • This condition is usually related with various autoimmune diseases.
  • This affects only 1 % of the entire population.
  • Vitiligo is most often associated with various organ specific autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Addison’s disease, diabetes mellitus type 1 and pernicious anaemia among which Hashimoto’s thyroidities is the most common in children.
  • Also people with dark skin are more prone to vitiligo.

DIAGNOSIS OF VITILIGO

  • The diagnosis of vitiligo is based on the patients history and clinical presentation.
  • Doctors use Wood’s light for the examination of the condition.
  •  There are different types of vitiligo based on the area it appears. They are vitiligo, segmental vitiligo, universal vitiligo, and focal vitiligo.
  • Vitiligo can appear in parts of skin that are reveal to sunlight like face, neck,forearms etc.
  • Some children may experience greying of hair and sometimes a lack of colour in the lip area.
  • Emotional tension and stress may further worsen the condition.
  • So it is important for one to not lose their hope and self esteem in the process.
  • Some may offer psychological support to the patient and their parents.
  • The choice of medical treatment depend on the type, location and duration of the patches as well as the keenness of the child to pursue therapy.
  • This condition does not diminish easily as they can be quite stubborn.
  • There are many treatments available here for affected skin
  • So always use sunscreen on areas that are exposed to the sun and wear breathable light colour clothing. 
  • Furthermore it is safe to wear a wide brimmed hat while stepping out of the house.
  • Wearing make up on top of the rashes is not advisable. So it is always best to stay away from chemicals that further harm your skin cells.
  • Moreover it is important to not lose your confidence while dealing with this.

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